NATIONAL ENERGY BOARD
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ABOUT THE CANADIAN NATIONAL ENERGY BOARD
Most of the electricity produced in Canada is hydro generated, meaning that they already have natural storage medium and will not be so inclined toward renewable solar and wind energy, until they exceed the capacity of stored water in dams.
Canada exports nearly 9% of the electricity it generates to the United States via grid transmission lines. There are 34 active major international transmission lines connecting Canada to the U.S. 67% of Canada’s electricity comes from renewable sources and 82% from non-GHG emitting sources. Canada is the world’s second largest producer of hydroelectricity: Hydro-Quebec, Hydro One, BC Hydro and Toronto Hydro.
While their hydroelectric projects are commendable, other energy operations such as Suncor Energy's oil sands operations had the sixth highest greenhouse gas emissions in Canada. While Suncor has reduced the greenhouse gas emissions intensity of its oil sands operations by more than 50% since 1990, total greenhouse gas emissions from the company's operations have increased because of growing oil sands production. Hopefully, as the rest of the world converts to electric vehicles, oil production will reduce.
energy is one of the fastest growing sources of electricity in Canada.
Wind accounts for 4% of electricity generation.
NORTH AMERICAN POWER GRID
The North American power grid is a network of networks that delivers electricity from where it is generated to the homes, businesses, and communities who use it. The power grid network includes the:
- Generating station network of extra-high voltage lines that connect to the transmission network
- Bulk power transmission network of high-voltage transmission lines that connect to distribution substations
- Distribution network low-voltage lines that connect to customers
This immense North American network of power lines, generation facilities, and related communications systems is often referred to as “the world’s largest machine.”
There are over 35 electric transmission interconnections between the Canadian and US power systems, forming a highly integrated grid. This integration is set to continue expanding, with multiple cross-border transmission projects currently in various stages of development.
Every Canadian province along the US border is electrically interconnected with a neighbouring US state or states, with many provinces boasting multiple international connections.
The result of the integrated Canada-US electric grid is a flexible, reliable, and secure grid on both sides of the border.
Canada and the US work closely together to develop exemplary best practices and institutions in support of a safe, secure, reliable electricity system. This cross-border partnership and collaboration has served Canadian and American communities and businesses for over 100 years.
Thanks to integration, Canada and the US enjoy a mutually beneficial and robust trade in electricity. Of the Canadian electricity delivered to US customers, the majority of it is derived from clean, non-emitting sources.
Electricity powers many of the world’s most important innovations, including Canada's telecommunications and healthcare systems. In fact, their critical infrastructures, those systems essential to the health, safety, security, and economic well-being of Canadians, are all powered by electricity.
It’s the power grid that ensures a reliable source of electricity.
FUTURE SMARTER POWER GRID
Smart technology has two-way communication from the device to the data collection system it is connected to. The smart power grid has this two-way communication and two-way power flow to efficiently manage supply, delivery, and use of electricity from source to customer.
A smarter power grid integrates the electricity system with telecommunications and financial services, with greater details of informational, financial, and physical transactions to ensure reliability and competitiveness.
National Energy Board (Canada)
National Grid plc (formerly Central Electricity Generating Board UK)
ONTARIO POWER GENERATION
Ontario Power Generation Inc. (OPG) is a Crown corporation wholly owned by the Government of Ontario. OPG is responsible for approximately half of the electricity generation in the Province of Ontario, Canada. Sources of electricity include nuclear, hydroelectric, wind, gas and biomass. Although Ontario has an open electricity market, the provincial government, as OPG's sole shareholder, regulates the price the company receives for its electricity to be less than the market average, in an attempt to stabilize prices. Since 1 April 2008, the company's rates have been regulated by the Ontario Energy Board.
Alectra Incorporated, through its subsidiary Alectra Utilities Corporation, is an electricity utility and distributor that serves several municipalities in the Golden Horseshoe region of Ontario. It is a municipally owned corporation with shares in varying amounts held by the municipalities which owned its predecessor companies.
When it was founded, Alectra was described as the second largest municipally-owned electricity utility in North America after the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power. As of January 2019 it is the largest municipally-owned electricity utility in Canada, by number of customers served.
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