LEVEL 1

 

INDUSTRY STANDARDS LEVELS OF AUTONOMY FOR ROAD VEHICLES

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HOW SMART IS YOUR ROBOT VEHICLE - There are six levels (1-6) of possible automation for autonomous land vehicles, with L0, being no assistance for a human operator, except perhaps for a SatNAv, to help a person find their way, and a smartphone, for when they get lost, or breakdown..

 

 


Level 1 - Driver Assistance

 

Depending on different criteria, the car can control steering or speed but not simultaneously. The driver assumes full responsibility for the control of the car and must regain control if the system fails. These include, for example, brake assist (ABS) or handling (ESP) systems. Hence, this level may be useful on long journeys to combat fatigue, and driver inattention.

Level 0 - No Automation
Level 1 - Driver Assistance
Level 2 - Partial automation
Level 3 - Conditional automation
Level 4 - High automation
Level 5 : Full automation

Level 6 : L5 Fully autonomous AI refuelling


As of 6th June 2021, no car manufacturer has yet reached levels 5 or 6.

 

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At the moment, the only concept that would be capable of servicing fully L5 vehicles would be the proposed SmartNet mult-ifuel service stations, where such vehicles will eventually have no human operators to plug-in charge, or fill up with hydrogen from the pumps.

 

Allied to automatic vending, is PAYD (Pay As You Drive) billing, also seen as a necessary function for autonomous, unmanned, self-driving, robotic vehicles of the future.

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

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SMART SERVICING FOR ROBOTS - Those looking for a future proofed infrastructure for renewably sourced energy for electric robotic vehicles, may want to consider the new breed of self driving passenger cars, taxis, and commercial trucks that will benefit from automated energy vending if they are to be fully autonomous in operation over long distances or for round the clock city duties - most especially unmanned robotic taxis and freight trucks.

 

 

 

 

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